This important paper, by Fitzpatrick, brought to you free by
WHYGeneral Relativity works
Einstein gave us the math
never explained how and why it worked. In this, you will see exactly
how & why general relativity works
using a simple model to explain not only that
but how & why quantum theory works as well.
An Important Discovery of Einstein's
. . . .enables us now to see . . . .
thisreally is a phase symmetry Universe.
I write thisconsidering the reader loves science and wants to learn more about phase symmetry that best explains our universe and shows us why general relativity and quantum theory work the way they do, so hang in there and take a really good look at all this.
Back in 1950, while Einstein was still alive, I ground & polished, to a perfect parabola, a 6 inch telescope mirror for Linden High School and after I graduated, I gave them all my radio equipment that I had for my amateur radio station W2YDW. I knew, at that time, if our present science was absolutely right then we should be getting right answers ALL the time and not simply a fraction of the time.
Today, I consider myself very lucky indeed to have been given over four score years, of good health, and to have found out exactly why we haven't been getting ALL the right answers ALL the time. And the reason for that is, we haven't been considering ALL the forces. A very important discovery of Einstein's was something he detected even later than E=mc2 and relativity: In 1954, about a year before he died, Einstein wrote,
Today, I consider myself very lucky indeed to have been given over four score years, of good health, and to have found out exactly why we haven't been getting ALL the right answers ALL the time.
And the reason for that is, we haven't been considering ALL the forces.
A very important discovery of Einstein's was something he detected even later than E=mc2 and relativity:
In 1954, about a year before he died, Einstein wrote,"I consider it quite possible that physics cannot be based on the field concept, i.e., on continuous structures. In that case, nothing remains of my entire castle in the air, gravitation theory included, [and of] the rest of modern physics."
Einstein, back then, was telling us modern science had to change drastically and we had to look for a better theory than field theory. Field theory is OK sometimes if you want to see the end result of billions of these individual quantum type forces. An example of this being OK sometimes is the following regarding general relativity:
Your GPS wouldn't work without the field theory and tensor math of general relativity. It compensates for the difference in time because time on Earth is slower than time in those GPS satellites: General relativity shows us gravity slows down time. Earth time passes slower than time in those satellites that have considerably less gravity and — because radio waves go a certain distance in a certain time — time is important because time is what is being used to measure distance on your GPS.
I think Einstein was a bit hard on himself in the abovementioned quote. General relativity will be necessarily with us, perhaps, as long as humans exist.
Even though this firm belief in fields have given us some spectacular insights, such as Einstein's general relativity, phase symmetry makes it crystal clear that field theory has prevented us from seeing the big picture of what is really going on.
Phase symmetry also shows us conclusively that none of these invisible forces decrease in strength as the square of the distance: Something far different is really going on. There is only one other possible setup that could be in effect to give us this inverse square rule:
Milo Wolff discovered part of this answer. If you read enough about sigma bonding then you will probably get the full correct answer. Try to figure this out, yourself, before you read it here.
You will see why we were tricked into believing in field theory. Theoretical physicists all agree that we cannot analyze a quantum force via field theory: That's why we have quantum theory.
These individual quantum forces can only be analyzed using either phase symmetry or quantum theory and phase symmetry is the better of those two because the present quantum theory is not complete: It only uses half of the existing forces. This was something I learned abruptly in 1966 while solving a problem in the avionics section of Pan American Airlines.
I learned then that in both field theory and quantum theory (modern science) we are only looking at half of the existing invisible forces.
As I write this today, I can assure you — despite your math & modern science abilities — that you will get a very distorted picture — our modern science picture — of what is really going on if you only view half of the existing invisible forces.
What is so amazing is that so few listened to what Einstein said back then in 1954. It took me 12 years after Einstein died to see, perhaps, even a bit more about this misconception of fields than he saw: I then published my first book showing, why we thought we had fields, when it was — not modern science but — essentially what Ampere discovered that explained how these quantum forces were being created: There was a full page devoted entirely to that first book of mine on page 29 of the June 18, 1967 New York Times, in the Sunday Book Review section.
I saw, working in the forefront of science, that — by its failure to incorporate Mach's inertial forces with the surrounding stars — we should never have believed in this field theory given to us by Faraday and Maxwell.
Even with Einstein's words, "... physics cannot be based on the field principle," scientists are still using that old field concept today to try to figure out what really is going on in this universe of ours over 50 years after Einstein emphatically warned them about using modern science that embodied this concept of fields.
We all know the magnetic force emanates from the electron's spin. But the following shows us something even more important:
We need an entirely new concept — correctly using inertial forces — that will work in both micro and macro worlds and that, I found out after years of diligently looking, is phase symmetry in which ALL attractive forces are in phase impedance matched, spin frequency, bindings. ALL repulsive forces are caused by "out of phase" spin frequencies but there is no impedance matching with these. Important in phase symmetry are some things such as SSSWRs (Spinning, Scalar, Standing Wave, Resonances.) discovered, and mathematically proven by, one of those scientists that got us to the moon,
ALL attractive forces are in phase impedance matched, spin frequency, bindings.
ALL repulsive forces are caused by "out of phase" spin frequencies but there is no impedance matching with these.
Important in phase symmetry are some things such as SSSWRs (Spinning, Scalar, Standing Wave, Resonances.) discovered, and mathematically proven by, one of those scientists that got us to the moon,Dr. Milo Wolff . These SSSWRs are the building blocks of our universe.
I find it hard to emphasize the importance of standing waves to those who have never worked on radio transmitters. There, standing waves must be eliminated. Much of my life has been spent in troubleshooting transmitters and checking standing wave ratio using a Byrd Wattmeter. But what a radio transmitter doesn't need, a universe not only needs but builds with.
I've talked to Milo Wolff quite a bit about standing waves. I knew the electron was some sort of standing wave but it was Milo Wolff who convinced me that electrons had to be SCALAR, SPINNING, standing waves or they couldn't even exist:
Standing waves exist only if they transmit a minimum of their energy. This is unlike the normal waves on a transmitting antenna that must transmit a maximum of their energy so radios and TVs can receive this energy signal.
The way these scalar, spinning, standing waves, such as the electron, are able to keep energy leakage to a bare minimum is that they do several things: They minimize attractive forces with the surroundings. Secondly, they balance those minimum attractive forces with repulsive forces between themselves and their surroundings via their path and spin frequency. In other words, they minimize and EQUALIZE the "in phase" to "out of phase" linkages with their surroundings by spinning at a certain frequency and moving on a certain path that keeps these binding and repelling linkages both minimized and EQUALIZED.
In the above paragraph I put the word EQUALIZE in small capital letters because this equalization of forces, in several ways — produced by this standing wave universe — is very important because it is a main emphasis of phase symmetry. We'll come back to that again in this paper.
Keep in mind that if your building blocks are spinning entities then there can never be an overabundance of either in phase attractive forces or "out of phase" repulsive forces: Thus we get this universe of EQUALIZATION.
Phase symmetry shows us this, equalization of forces, works this way both in the microcosm and the macrocosm, thus unifying micro and macro worlds.
Berkeley and Mach said there had to be invisible force inertial linkages with our surroundings. Proof they were right is the fact that gyroscopes, pendulums, vibrating elements and Helium-2 all have the same rotation rate as the "fixed stars" or one sidereal day which is 23 hours 56 minutes and 4 seconds.
I've worked with and trouble-shot the very latest gyro systems as they came out and I've flown using both vertical and horizontal gyro information to keep my aircraft correctly oriented. I stayed alive because I knew about gyros. For over forty years now I've been asking why scientists are not trying harder to find these invisible forces that not only make gyroscopes hold to the "fixed stars" but are responsible for our inertial mass and the conversion of energy from this inertial mass:
This gyroscopic inertial force linkage to the surrounding "fixed stars" is only one small part of "Mach's principle."
Present science merely gives "Mach's principle" lip service and fails to see half of our invisible forces.
A good half of our invisible forces — because of this embedded belief in field theory — is what present science fails to see and that is the essence of this paper.
If you insist on using field theory after Einstein said, "... physics cannot be based on the field principle," and you tell me gravitational fields or electrical fields are causing all these entities to orbit, then I have to ask you a question: What is holding all these entities such a vast distance apart in the micro and macro-worlds; just why is all this vast amount of empty space (99.99999%) extremely similar in both micrososm and macrocosm? Present science fails to answer that one because, with this embedded belief in field theory, it fails to see half the forces involved that stem from the surroundings.
As Milo Wolff stated, "Those stars, up there, are more than ornaments!"
In this universe of ours, things that reproduce themselves stay here and things that don't — don't. These SSSWRs are the very basis for that because they reproduce themselves.
Dr. Milo Wolff mathematically proved the electron to be a scalar, spinning, standing wave that continually reproduces itself from the minimal radiation energy leakage of surrounding electrons: This shows us our universe produces standing waves much like radio transmitters do.
But — as Milo explained to me, the radio standing waves on antennas that are generated from one point, the transmitter, cannot exist in free space. The only standing waves that can exist in free space are standing waves that are produced by energy coming in from ALL directions, which makes these standing waves SCALAR.
Please entirely forget these positive and negative fields called charge: These scalar, spinning, standing waves, like the electron do not obey field theory; they only obey phase symmetry phase relationships: Electrons repel other electrons via an "out of phase" relationship yet if properly positioned, electrons can actually bind together — whenever their closest sides are spinning together "in phase" — exactly as electrons bind together in sigma and pi chemical bonds.
We all learned in school that electrons carry a field of negative charge and this makes them always repel other electrons. But this only works on totally free electrons. It doesn't work ALL the time. Phase symmetry works ALL the time.
Also, completely discard the old field concept of North and South poles because that will only obstruct seeing the true picture.
Here's the phase symmetry true picture of the electron:
The strongest magnetic attraction comes when a good part of the electrons in both magnets are spinning in phase with each other and with their pole axes perfectly in the same line: This means having the pole axis of an electron in one magnet lined up exactly with the pole axis of another electron in the other magnet. And when I say axes lined up exactly, I mean exactly! All these electrons, in both magnets, must be spinning in the same direction.
By "patterning" these new magnets can get far more of these polar axes lined up exactly than could be done using the old alnico magnets. This polar attraction is the strongest magnetic attraction because the entire spins of these electrons are then in phase with each other.
There are no such things as fields of negative charge around these electrons. If there were, then electrons would never attract each other; but they do:
Magnetic attraction and magnetic repulsion are both caused by electrons attracting and repelling other electrons via phase. The fact is, we have not only attractive electron to electron bonding in magnetism but also in chemical sigma and pi electron to electron attractive bonding. Phase symmetry shows us what is really happening, so you need to dig in and learn more about this new concept — forgetting, at the same time, the field concept of positive and negative charge.
Phase symmetry shows us why we have Einstein's tensor math curved space: You will soon see that Ampere was the first person to show us how both space and repulsion are produced by things being "out of phase".
In addition to what Ampere first showed us, I have shown, in my various papers, the rest of the story: And this is where spin frequencies that are "in phase" are not only responsible for all the attractive forces we know about but also can produce, in an area devoid of repulsive forces (a wormhole), even NO SPACE.
Let's take a look at what Ampere showed us almost two hundred years ago:
Copied from Encyclopedia Britannica DVD 2013, "... Had Ampère died before 1820, his name and work would likely have been forgotten. In that year, however, Ampère's friend and eventual eulogist François Arago demonstrated before the members of the French Academy of Sciences the surprising discovery of Danish physicist Hans Christiaan Ørsted that a magnetic needle is deflected by an adjacent electric current. Ampère was well prepared to throw himself fully into this new line of research.
If you look up "Ampere's laws" on the internet today you will get electrical laws quite unknown to Ampere. Yes, Ampere was the first to equate the forces associated with these laws you will find on Google but Ampere did his calculations with long wires; he didn’t even know about electrons. There was no such thing as voltage or amperage back then. Current flow (amperage) is named after Ampere.
Just about half a century ago Scientific American published a good account of Ampere’s long wire laws. I remember reading it like it was yesterday. Part of it went like the aforementioned Britannica statement or something like this:
Ampere discovered that whatever was coming out of his batteries when put thesame direction through two parallel long wires made those wires attract each other.
If this substance (later found to be electrons) was put through these long parallel wires in anopposite direction, in each wire, then these long wires repelled each other.
So basically what Ampere gave us was a simple relative motion law.
But you'd never know that — or even believe that — if you looked up "ampere's law" in a search engine. Try it. You'll see! And this is the big problem, getting the right facts today when EVERYTHING is now all confused with the Faraday-Maxwell field rules and field math.
You could also see Ampere's laws as "phase" laws: If the current through two parallel long wires is moving the same direction or "in phase" then these wires will attract. If the current through these two parallel long wires is moving in opposite directions or "out of phase" then these two wires will repel.
If you see Ampere’s laws this way then Ampere gave us the initial concept of phase symmetry which is exactly what Einstein looked for his entire life: Thissimple model called phase symmetry unifies all the invisible forces.
Mathematician Stephen Wolfram said, "Math can only explain simple things but a simple model can explain a complicated universe."
This is the answer to a Theory of Everything:
What is absolutely astounding is that phase symmetry not only simplifies but clarifies this entire complicated universe in both the microcosm and the macrocosm. It's utterly amazing!
Remember that small capitalized word EQUALIZED earlier that I said we'd come back to: Well, not only does phase symmetry equalize binding and repelling forces — within limits — but it is the EQUALIZATION of internal binding forces with external binding forces to the "fixed stars" — within limits — that is of supreme concern:
As you dig further into phase symmetry you will see this important EQUALIZATION of internal binding forces and external binding forces to the surrounding stars:
Make no mistake about it: The invisible external binding forces with the surrounding stars are powerful forces! This binding EQUALIZATION is the closest at the element iron. Internal and external binding to the stars can never be exactly equal or molecules would come apart, but for ALL of these spinning orbiting entities, in micro or macro worlds, the external pull is effectively equal to the internal pull, if one considers these items as solid items which phase symmetry does for ALL spinning orbiting entities in both micro and macro worlds.
If that's the case then why aren't these spinning items in orbit all pulled apart?
Ah, but this is phase symmetry and not field theory. It's the spin of the item and the spins of the things building the item that give it additional internal attraction: For instance, inside the element iron are quarks and electrons that also have spin, and you will see that phase symmetry works, with spin, exactly like general relativity does and it does so in both micro and macro worlds.
You'll understand more of this as you read the final chapters in this paper on how general relativity works and why we have the red shift:
Back to iron:
The bindings of the other elements are not quite equalized as well as iron.
Iron, nickel and cobalt are together at the peak of the energy curve. They can all be magnetized but iron at the very top can be magnetized best. Why do you think this is?
It's this equalization of internal binding with surrounding star external binding that allows this. It allows certain electrons to all have their spins going in the same direction: This is magnetization. But it can only happen where internal binding is about equal to external binding. Knowing this we can make a phase symmetry prediction:
Saturn's rings are in a similar equalization area. Remember, phase symmetry does not distinguish between micro and macro worlds. So the phase symmetry prediction is this: Each one of those individual rocks making up Saturn's rings will be spinning, in the same direction, as Saturn's rotation; much like the magnetized electrons, will all be spinning in the same direction, in magnetized iron.
Astronomers have a formula for where rings can form. As soon as I saw it I knew what it really meant. It meant equalization of internal binding with surrounding star external binding.
Now let's go back to iron again because what's coming now is really important:
The lighter elements than iron — on the left of iron, on the binding energy curve — have much less internal binding and more external binding with the surrounding stars than iron: So by atomic fusion their internal binding is increased and there is, after fusion, better equalizing and balancing of the internal to external bindings.
On the right of iron, on the energy curve, because these elements are heavier, they have far more internal binding and considerably less external binding with the surrounding stars. So we get better equalization and balancing by dividing these elements via atomic fission
* * * * * * * *
Therefore phase symmetry shows us, that atomic energy evolves when we obtain better elemental EQUALIZATION or balancing of internal binding with external binding to the surrounding stars.
Inertial mass is nothing more than multiple external bindings to the surrounding "fixed stars". When this external binding is shifted back to internal binding then mass becomes energy as per E=MC2: It's as simple as that.
* * * * * * * *
Absolutely nothing in field theory will even prepare you to gain this knowledge.
Few, if any, atomic energy engineers even know this yet. Shades of Ernst Mach!
Phase symmetry is the very first simple model that perfectly explains our complicated universe.
Once you get a good grasp of what phase symmetry is showing you, you'll be light years ahead of that affenstahl mob that still believes in field theory. Read my other things to see exactly how this binding with the surrounding stars actually works: It involves translational motion — and a bit more. Phase symmetry not only tells us but proves beyond any reasonable doubt something else that is of the utmost importance but, in showing you, I won't use phase symmetry terms; I'll use terms you understand, so bear with me in this: Einstein put words to this very important concept that Newton understood: It's called The
Once you get a good grasp of what phase symmetry is showing you, you'll be light years ahead of that affenstahl mob that still believes in field theory.
Read my other things to see exactly how this binding with the surrounding stars actually works: It involves translational motion — and a bit more.
Phase symmetry not only tells us but proves beyond any reasonable doubt something else that is of the utmost importance but, in showing you, I won't use phase symmetry terms; I'll use terms you understand, so bear with me in this:
Einstein put words to this very important concept that Newton understood: It's called Theprinciple of equivalence. It means you cannot discern gravity from an acceleration.
In other words: if you are weightless in a spaceship far from earth and that spaceship begins to accelerate at a speed of 32 feet per second, per second then you would not be able to discern this acceleration force from the force of gravity.
But for us back here on earth, is this acceleration really here?
The answer is no. The gravitational force we feel is here but the acceleration itself is not really here: Phase symmetry proves that. But the important thing is, we do discern this force itself as an acceleration.
Phase symmetry can explain exactly what is going on here but present science can't because it completely discounts half the forces, with the surroundings, that are involved and that Ernst Mach told us about.
What about this discovered acceleration that Saul Perlmutter's group discovered?
Saul Perlmutter, himself, stated that this perceived acceleration was really Einstein's cosmological constant, a force equal but opposite to gravity holding all the stars and galaxies apart.
But few listened to that statement just as few listened to Einstein's statement in 1954.
Einstein, himself, said his cosmological constant was a force equal but opposite to gravity holding all the stars and galaxies apart.
If this force, holding the stars and galaxies apart is exactly equal and opposite to gravity then where does this EXTRA expanding universe force come from?
ALSO if there is no actual acceleration via the force of gravity then how can there be any actual acceleration with gravity's equal and opposite force (cosmological constant)?
If the Newton-Einstein principle of equivalence is valid for (gravity), then it must also be valid for anti-gravity (cosmological constant).
As the principle of equivalence states : We can discern the acceleration but it is not really there.
The principle of equivalence is telling you that even though you perceive this 32 feet per second, per second acceleration by standing on this earth or even though you perceive this acceleration, of anti-gravity (cosmological constant), by looking back in time through our latest telescopes, neither of those perceived accelerations are really there.
It's the force itself that we are discerning (cosmological constant). It is this actual equal and opposite force to gravity we are discerning and nothing more. This acceleration that Perlmutter's group discovered is not any real acceleration that produces an expanding universe. It's only that same type of counterfeit acceleration associated with gravity.
So what this essentially means, boys and girls, is that we must have no actual acceleration moving all these stars and galaxies apart!
If they were moving apart then we should, according to "Mach's principle", be experiencing less and less inertial mass with time: Well, we aren't are we?
There is this notable "blue shift" in the microcosm: I have never heard anyone say, "This means the microcosm is contracting."
Even the great astronomer E. Hubble, who discovered the red shift, warned about us thinking this meant the universe was expanding. Yes, we had a "Big Bang" but that expansion ended eons ago.
Einstein was right: Field theory has blinded us.
It was the blind leading the blind that gave us this "expanding universe" belief.
I have never believed it. It is nothing but absolute nonsense.
Therefore we are not in an expanding universe: We are really in a steady state universe exactly as that well known British astronomer Fred Hoyle claimed we had, all of his entire life.
Well it's back to that word EQUALIZE again: Phase symmetry is all about spin frequencies where the in phase and out of phase repulsive forces are equal — but only "within limits" because attractions are always impedance matched bonds whereas repulsions are not. But without these impedance matched bonds of strong attraction, this universe could not be built.
So it is "within these limits" that this universe is built:
And remember, in building a universe via spin frequencies, you simply cannot have an overabundance of "out of phase" expansionary forces because spin produces both attractive forces and repulsive forces equally.
Therefore, phase symmetry is telling us, in no uncertain terms, that both attractive and repulsive forces are always equalized and balanced — to a certain extent of course "within limits" — and so there can be no such thing as an expanding universe over such an extended period of time, as is being claimed.
You can peruse more about this at: (Click links.) http://www.rbduncan.com
and/or by reading this FREE e-bookUniversities Asleep at the Switch
If you understand all this, and that this is a phase universe, then you are ready to read the rest of the story as to how & why general relativity works:
In general relativity if an object, made up of molecules, moves faster than its surroundings then this molecular object gets smaller and its mass increases and its time slows down, but why?
OK, the reason why is simple when viewed via phase symmetry laws:
As stated previously: Phase symmetry shows us why we have Einstein's tensor math curved space: Ampere showed you that both space and repulsion are being produced by things being "out of phase".
I have shown in my various papers the rest of the story: And this is where spin frequencies that are "in phase" are not only responsible for all the attractive forces we know about but also can produce, in an area devoid of repulsive forces (a wormhole), even NO SPACE. And that's why your eye gets a quantum of light from a distant star:
On that distant star is a spin up electron that has a momentary binding with a spin down electron in your eye. Why? Because both spin planes were exactly aligned. But, because of their opposite spins, a very tiny portion of their "closest sides" are "in phase":
Therefore according to phase symmetry's concept of space — even though many light years of distance separated the electron in your eye from the electron on that distant star, there was NO SPACE between those tiny portions of those two electrons that were exactly "in phase".
By abandoning this field concept and moving to this new phase symmetry concept of space, we certainly see Einstein's non-uniform space a lot better than even Einstein saw it.
That in phase "very tiny portion", of electron mass, was the quantum of energy transferred to your eye because in phase symmetry all bindings are impedance matched bonds. The fact that they are impedance matched bonds is the reason energy can not be created or destroyed and is delivered only via impedance matched binding in quantum units.
ALL energy is binding energy via impedance matched bonds.
ALL inertial mass is derived via impedance matched bonds with the surrounding stars.
Phase symmetry also states that spacetime differs in different spin-orbit spacetime realms. It's difficult to determine motion or space in a higher frequency spacetime realm. "Out of phase" produced space in a higher frequency spacetime realm will appear as a repulsive force (2 magnets repelling) if viewed from a lower frequency realm and an "in phase" produced diminished space or no space will appear as an attractive force (2 magnets attracting) if viewed from a lower frequency spin-orbit spacetime realm:
This is why we do not see space in either the quark (QCD) realm or space in the electron (QED) realm but we do see the equating forces as binding or repelling in our spacetime realm.
Look at the stars surrounding us. Even the ancients saw them as "fixed stars" and not moving their respective positions in the sky: In some respects they can be viewed this way both in phase symmetry and general relativity. But in other respects, especially in phase symmetry, there is important translational motion involved which is responsible for both energy and inertial mass. Ernst Mach would have loved phase symmetry because it's an elaboration and solid proof of his inertial beliefs.
Phase symmetry tells us that this is a frequency universe and space is increased the more things are out of phase. This is simple to understand.
Phase symmetry also tells us that space decreases between in phase items. This should be understandable and if you have read all about phase symmetry you will understand exactly why.
Let’s take this earth, for example, it’s moving. We all know that.
As this earth moves in respect to its "fixed star" surroundings then the molecular components making up this earth are more in phase with each other. They are more out of phase with the surroundings therefore the earth’s molecular components shrink in regard to the molecular components of the surroundings making the wavelength of light on earth shorter than the wavelength of light emitted by the surrounding stars.
Thus we will have a bit of red shift with our surroundings but our time will be going slower than time in our surroundings and this will tend to counteract this red shift a bit but not completely.
Since our galaxy is also spinning then we shrink further in regard to our further surroundings which adds a bit more red shift with further surroundings.
Since our galactic cluster is also spinning then we shrink even further in regard to our even further surroundings which adds a bit more red shift with these even further surroundings.
Since our galactic super cluster is also spinning then we additionally shrink further in regard to these even further surroundings which adds a bit more red shift with these even further surroundings.
Thus the further away we look, the more red shift that we see.
So both phase symmetry and general relativity actually explain why we have more and more of this red shift the further we look.
Not only have we shown you that phase symmetry EXPLAINS why Earth gets smaller along with general relativity telling us Earth WILL get smaller, we have also explained why this red shift exists in a steady state universe.
Not only that but even more important is the fact that now you can see why it is we cannot accurately measure things in this universe by simply using this "speed of light" measuring stick that we have been using.
So all this dark matter and dark energy we think we need in this universe is merely because of our "speed of light" measuring mistake.
By using the concept of a gravitational field you will never understand why a galaxy spins like a solid wheel whereas planets in this solar system orbit faster the closer they are to the sun. Using phase symmetry this is easily understood.
All attractions in phase symmetry must be impedance matched bonds whereas out of phase repulsions are not. The strength of these attractive impedance matched bonds does not diminish with distance — why your eye gets a full quantum of light energy from a distant star — but the distance these in phase bonds can attract each other does have a limit: For any electron to distant electron action this limit is the Hubble limit. This was Milo Wolff's discovery. While the strength of this binding does not vary with distance the number of these binding pairs varies as the square of the distance thus giving us our faulty view of this being a field.
Space is made up of nothing more than a myriad of out of phase repulsions. Space is the mean or average of these numerous out of phase repulsions. But these are repulsive spin frequencies and therein lies the rub: When you describe space — which spin frequency space are you talking about? These different spin frequency spaces have entirely different space-time intervals: There is quark generated space and electron space and our space, galactic spin space, galactic cluster spin space, etc., etc..
You've got more reading to do so read and learn all you can about phase symmetry and glance at some of my other writings. To get the true big picture of what is really going on, all you have to do is read. I have never written a page unless I had something NEW to add. You don't even have to pay to read these books and pages of mine: Magpul Industries pays to keep all this on the internet free. And people all over the world are certainly reading them.
The biggest complaint from my readers, so far, is the fact that it's not all collated well and some feel they have to read too much to get the entire phase symmetry big picture. My answer to them is — most are reading and not complaining. Just remember, it took me over four and a half decades to get the big picture and by reading everything you can see the big picture in far less time than it took me to see it.
You saw, part of the picture, herein that phase symmetry tells us what general relativity tells us. But by reading my other books and papers, you'll see even more: Phase symmetry shows us why mass can be converted into energy and why energy can only be delivered in quantum sized amounts. Also phase symmetry shows us what inertial mass really is and how Ernst Mach was right: Surroundings are very much involved. Phase symmetry shows us why we have centrifugal force. It shows us why we have gyroscopic action and it does a much better job of explaining all these things than present science does,
November 18th 2014 DPFJr
To keep this page short I had to leave out many more interesting things, but you will have to click on the following link and spend a lot more time reading to see those.Phase symmetry makes quantum theory more complete. 12-02-2013
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Gravity Waves sought by Andrew Geraci. 5-18-2013
Gravity Waves sought by Andrew Geraci. in Adobe pdf 5-18-2013
Dark Matter -- Dark Energy. 5-04-2013
Dark Matter -- Dark Energy. in Adobe pdf 5-04-2013
Electron Spin Enigma. 4-07-2013
Electron Spin Enigma. in Adobe pdf 4-07-2013
A new look at DARK MATTER. 4-04-2013
A new look at DARK MATTER. in Adobe pdf 4-04-2013
LOGIC doesn't exist unless you know EXACTLY what Space and Time really are. 3-22-2013
LOGIC doesn't exist unless you know EXACTLY what Space and Time really are. in Adobe pdf 3-22-2013
GOD PARTICLE from CERN. 3-16-2013
GOD PARTICLE from CERN. in Adobe pdf 3-16-2013
New Extraordinary Kind of Science. 3-08-2013
New Extraordinary Kind of Science. in Adobe pdf 3-08-2013
QUARKS do more than we think + Why Fission, Fusion and the Periodic Table. 2-28-2013
QUARKS do more than we think + . . . in Adobe pdf 2-28-2013
A frequency universe ? 1-26-2013
Sigma Bond strengths in the microcosm. 10-01-2012
Unification of the gauges is now a fact.
Einstein's unification of the fields was not possible before the gauges were unified. 9-23-2012
WHILE MAGNETISM IS CAUSED BY THE ELECTRON SPIN -
GRAVITY AND INERTIA ARE CAUSED BY A QUARK SPIN. 8-30-2012
Tthis newly discovered "God Particle" (Higgs Boson) is best seen - not as a particle - but as a Bose-Einstein condensate force where impedance matched binding is transferred from one place to another. 7-04-2012
Fitz finds a Fact (phase coherence) gets #1 Top Spot on Google 9-22-2010
PHASE COHERENCE unifies the 4 fundamental forces
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