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Why it's space-time and not space or time separately.
From numerous probabilities, come certainties.
Gambling casinos are built upon this principle.
So is this universe.
This universe is built from two types of resonances: Milo Wolff's scalar resonances and the vector resonances studied by Wheeler and Feynman.
The vector resonances are probabilities but the scalar resonances are certainties built from numerous vector probability resonances.
The vector resonances exist only between two entities.
Quantum theory is a probability study of WHICH two resonances will transfer a single quantum of energy.
The scalar resoances exist between a vast multitude of similar entities all resonating together in the surroundings.
This universe can be seen as an infinite frequency spectrum, with scalar resonance entities appearing every so often like keys on a piano. These scalar resonance entities are separated far enough from each other in frequency so as not to destroy each other but close enough to each other where they can indeed be linked via harmonics such as the electron and the quark.
Scalar resonances give us the aspect of particles and time.
Vector resonances give us the aspect not only of space but of attractive and repulsive force via Ampere's laws..
Goudschmidt & Ulhenbeck (1926) studied the Atomic fine structure and should have gotten the Nobel Prize for discovering the electron spin because they correctly equated the change of angular momentum as that caused by a spin shift. But the electron, however, does not show other qualities that we normally associate with spin.
Then, as now, their fellow quantum theorists did not realize that the space-time interval has invariance only within the frequency band of one specific scalar resonance, therefore we will not see these other spin aspects of the electron being transferred correctly to our space-time realm.
Time in the quark realm is entirely different from that in the electron's realm.
Time is being produced by each separate scalar resonance entity.
Space is being produced via the numerous vector resonance entities making up that scalar resonance.
Yes, Herman Minkowsky was right: you cannot have one without the other.
You can only have space-time.
Daniel P. Fitzpatrick Jr.
© 2004 RB Duncan Press