The Big Bang
Proof of a Big Bang is the CMBR (Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation.
Georges Lemaître gave his expanding universe to the world in the 1920s
George Gamow improved the Big Bang in the 1940s.
The CMBR was discovered in 1965.
This CMBR radiation is 2.74 degrees Kelvin in temperature.
The CMBR was even predicted by Gamow and his group back in 1948.
The COBE satellite information seems to prove this CMBR radiation beyond a shadow of a doubt.
Therefore, we know something like a Big Bang happened.
We know now that the fine structure constant is not a constant but is slowly changing.
This entire universe was built up all at once by nothing but pure energy?
It's another one that needs to be added to Mackay's "Extraordinary Popular Delusions and the Madness of Crowds".
Einstein turned his back on Mach's principal.
You are not coming up with controlled atomic fusion power by having science such as we have now.
Stephen Wolfram is right. We need "A New Kind of Science" where future super-computers give us all the answers.
Stephen Wolfram doesn't mention frequency math will be used by these computers. I do.
I've talked to John Paul Riddle one of the Founders of Embry Riddle School of Aviation.
These links, on left hand side of page, will cover what you will be reading in Chapter 20.