Chapter 16

A Steady-State Universe

a Steady-State Universe

After the "Big Bang"

"While an actual physical expanding universe is, indeed, the popular view, it is not the accepted scientific view." Britannica CD, 1997

Gamow-Hoyle debate

Gamow's Big Bang

Lemaître-Gamow Expanding universe

Arthur Wellesley the 1st, Duke of Wellington

that great battle with Napoleon at Waterloo


The universe is homogeneous and isotropic.

This universe would be finite yet have no borders or edges.

Einstein did hesitate in using this 1917 "cosmological constant.

The de Broglie wavelength of an electron can vary with acceleration.

Talking about the de Broglie wavelength now. It is blue shifted with acceleration.


the de Broglie wavelength gets shorter with an increase of either mass or acceleration

The de Broglie wavelength only gets shorter with mass and/or acceleration in the microcosm.

giant Virgo super-cluster

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