Chapter 15

Energy and Mass



Energy & Mass

electrons have spin

quarks have spin

The electron spin causes magnetism.

spin is conserved

a relative mass increase

Berkeley and Mach were absolutely right.

Binding energy always equals mass lost.

the Lemaître-Gamow "Big Bang"

The electrons in the outer orbitals are the ones that bond the strongest with other electrons in covalent bonding.

you always have the most bonding in the lowest energy state.

asymptotic freedom of the quark

A proton consists of three quarks.

When the masses of these stars are the same they act like two electrons on the same orbital.

tuned circuit

parallel "tuned circuit"

series tuned circuit


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